The Spaniards will be able to accede to 21 gratuitous television channels of state cover before Christmas, after the agreement reached between the Government and the sector on the National Technical Plan of the Terrestrial Digital Television (TDT), that will be approved by the Cabinet in the present month of July.
The agreed Decree project Real with the Government establishes the design of the Spanish audio-visual landscape of next the 20 or 25 years, and includes the channel assignment of immediate form for the analogical and digital operators, establishing who the TVE will have the double of channels that the private operators.
This way, until the analogical blackout, that will take place the 3 of April of 2010, there will be a transient period with a greater televising supply and a plural and competitive market, in which the TVE will have a complete digital manifold (five channels) and another channel of state cover; 3 Sogecable, Antenna and Tele 5 will have three channels each (one of them will be emitted simultaneously with analogical and digital technology); and I see TV, Net TV and a new operator who will be adjudged in public contest, two each.
The TVE, like public service, will be the unique operator who manages a digital manifold multifrequency that allows territorial disconnections to autonomic level, dedicating a 20% of the capacity for interactive service and the data transmission as guides of programming, electronic administration, electronic commerce or Internet.
From the blackout, there will only be terrestrial digital television and since then the TVE will count on a multiple multifrequency and another manifold of unique frequency, and the rest of the six operators, will have a frequency manifold unique each of them.
Each digital manifold of state or autonomic cover will initially integrate at least four digital channels susceptible to be operated the 24 hours of the day, and the number of channels will be able to be emitted that technically is possible with a minimum guarantee of the quality of the service.
Once the Plan enters in force, after its publication in the BOE, the present concessionary societies of television will count on a term of one week to indicate their will to accede to more digital channels, and on 45 days to present/display a project that includes its commitments.
Thus, the digital operators will have the possibility of acceding more to a channel, whereas the present analogical operators can choose to two more, as long as they acquire commitments additions with respect to the obtaining of first. In this sense, they will have to describe, for example, the programming of the second channel and to inform on services of subititulación or options of election of language.
Each Independent Community will have 8 channels
As far as the Independent Communities, generically they will have a digital manifold of autonomic cover (with a minimum of four channels) with capacity to realize territorial disconnections of provincial scope, and will emit simultaneously in analogical and digital until 2010.
Also, the communities will have right to a second digital manifold, that could even be adjudged before the “blackout” if technically it is possible, so that each of them can have up to eight television channels. In addition, this second manifold allows to make disconnections territorial.
On the other hand, the contests of the local digital television will have to be adjudged before the 31 of December of 2005. Each demarcation will count on a manifold (four channels), and in the case of the great cities like Madrid, Barcelona or Seville, will be two manifolds, that is to say, up to eight channels. Of this form, a great city will be able to count on up to 37 digital channels in abierto (21 nationals, the 8 autonomic and 8 premises) before the “analogical blackout” and in some cases, like Barcelona, before the year finishes.
Spain counts with a good departure situation for the launching of the TDT, since the network of this technology gives cover to 80% of the population, a percentage very lifted if it is compared with 40% of the United Kingdom or 35% that France in November will reach.
The sector trusts that the market is able to absorb the foreseeable demand of decoders and to even offer televisions with adapters already integrated after the summer. The price of the decoders oscillates at the moment between the 40 Euros of most basic and more than 100 of which they offer more benefits.